Updates? The Council of Europe was founded on May 5, 1949, by 10 western European countries—Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The Assembly found that Kazakhstan could apply for full membership, because 4% of its territory, west of the Ural river, is located in Europe, but granting Special Guest status would require improvements in the fields of democracy and human rights. In November 2006, the Kazakhstan Parliament officially asked to be granted observer status with the Assembly, which however never was granted due to requiring a pre compliance with all CoE core values and principles. There has been criticism concerning the observer status of Japan and the United States because both countries apply the death penalty. The Council of Europe’s human rights commissioner, Dunja Mijatovic, said in a report published on Tuesday that the principles and standards on which human rights have been built in Europe … Europe: Countries: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic (Czechia), Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, … The Parliamentary Assembly, which meets four times a year, is a deliberative body consisting of representatives from national parliaments. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Commission, the Council, the parliaments of the Member States of the EU, the parliaments and governments of the member countries of the Council of Europe, the ACP countries, Belarus, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, the People's Republic of China and the Unites States, the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe and the …  Kosovo is already de facto under the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights. It consists of all 47 countries that are members of the Council of Europe, as well as the following 14 countries: Algeria, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Kosovo, Morocco, Mexico, Peru, South Korea, Tunisia and the United States. Originally created in 1949 to promote cooperation and to strengthen democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Western Europe in the aftermath of the defeat of Nazi Germany. en Lastly, the proposed directive guarantees respect for more favourable provisions in Community agreements or international instruments, including those adopted by the Council of Europe and which apply to third-country migrant workers who are nationals of Council of Europe member countries. In the framework of its country-by-country monitoring and of its work on General Policy Recommendations, ECRI calls on governments to combat racial discrimination against vulnerable groups. There is great diversity between the sizes of each and we can find the small Vatican (0.44 km2 ), Monaco (0.44 km2 ), San Marino (61.2 km2 ), Liechtenstein (160 km2 ) and the Principality of Andorra (468 km2). The Council of Europe is an intergovernmental organization in Europe. With the demise of communist regimes throughout eastern Europe at the end of the 1980s, the council significantly expanded its membership. The Council of Europe, which counts 46 member States, is the continent's oldest political organization. • Palestine* This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of Council of Europe member States on this issue. After the collapse of communism in eastern and central Europe in 1989–91, the council aided the countries of the region to overhaul their constitutions and legal codes and to democratize their political systems. Luxembourg. Among the most important of its agreements are the European Convention on Human Rights (1950), the European Cultural Convention (1954), the European Social Charter (1961), the European Convention on the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment and Punishment (1987), the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (1995), and the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine (1997). The Council of Europe is the continent's leading human rights organisation. Since 1994 the parliaments of the countries bordering the Council of Europe member states have the possibility of concluding special co-operation agreements with the Assembly, but it has not generated much interest among the parliaments concerned, which suggests that it does not offer sufficient clarity and visibility. The newly established "Partner for democracy" status is similar to the co-operation initiatives of other intergovernmental organizations of mostly European states such as the European Neighbourhood Policy of the EU, the partners for co-operation of OSCE, the cooperation with non-member states of NATO. From the 1950s to the 1980s, these original members were joined by 13 others— Austria , Cyprus , Finland , West Germany , Greece , Iceland , Liechtenstein , Malta , Portugal , San Marino , Spain … The five Brussels Treaty countries then invited Ireland, Italy, Denmark, Norway and Sweden to attend the Conference on the establishment of a Council of Europe, held at St James’s Palace in London from 3 … Lithuania. It participates in financing social projects, responds to emergency situations and contributes to improving the living con… Kazakhstan signed a co-operation agreement with the Assembly in April 2004. 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